EL SALVADOR

 

The smallest country in Central America, El Salvador is located between Guatemala and Honduras and the Pacific Ocean. The country has about 7 million inhabitants and covers an area of ​​21,041 km ². The capital is San Salvador (1.6 million inhabitants). The climate is tropical and sunny, the country has a mountainous terrain, volcanoes, lakes, forests thick and 300 km of sandy beaches.
 
El Salvador has important pre-Columbian archaeological sites (San Andres, Tazumal Casa Blanca) and Joya de Ceren, Mayan village buried under ash from an eruption volcanqiue around 600. The country has an excellent gastronomy, crafts and many varied traditional festivals very colorful.
 

The history of El Salvador. 

Before the arrival of Europeans, many Native American civilizations flourished in the present territory of El Salvador. Originally inhabited by Native Americans, were Pipil had emigrated around 3000 BC. By the eleventh century, founded principalities two large federal states in the sixteenth century of our era, the Pipils were also members of the Mayan Empire.
 
1525: . Alvarado founded the city of El Salvador Cuscatlán. The area is part of the Captaincy General of Guatemala, under the Viceroyalty of Mexico.
1821: Central America obtained its independence from Spain and is organized as a federation.
1824: After a short war, El Salvador established its own constitution and became part of the United Provinces of Central America, which was later called Federal Republic of Central America.
1969: The war called “the one hundred hours of war” against Honduras, erupted in June.
1980: The murder of Archbishop Oscar Romero, human rights defender who denounced the abuses of the owners, the acceleration of the civil war.
1992: A cease-fire was signed with UN approval and controlled by a commission composed of members of both parties.
1998: Conflict with Honduras, the sovereignty of three islands in the Gulf of Fonseca, resolved in January.
1999: ARENA again won the presidential election with candidate Francisco Flores Perez. But in the next election, a year later, the FMLN won the majority needed to achieve the government.
2009: On March 15th, the FMLN candidate, Mauricio Funes, was elected president of El Salvador with 51% of the vote, which ended two decades of hegemony of ARENA.

 

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